General Safety Measures to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19
The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic is regarded as double emergency. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of June 8, about 6,912,751 confirmed cases and 400,469 deaths had been reported globally.
Apart from the scary number of cases, and the rising death toll, the pandemic has crippled economies and shaken even the World Powers.
The world has never remained the same since the pandemic started ravaging countries, as governments have been forced to take preventive and precautionary measures in order to stop the spread of the virus.
Apart from the measures taken by governments at different levels, dignitaries, businesses, non-governmental/international organizations, and other corporate bodies have made monetary donations, started campaigns, and built isolation centres, all in a bid to help governments in the fight against the spread.
However, beyond all the aforementioned measures taken, individuals, families and businesses need to rise to the occasion and take responsibilities. That many dignitaries have also succumbed to the virus is a pointer to the fact that it is no respecter of anybody. The fight to ensure that the pandemic does not spread further, especially in communities where it is minimal, begins with the individual. You must protect yourself to protect others!
General Safety Measures
Below are some of the ways to protect yourself and others against the spread of COVID-19, according to the World Health Organization.
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash them with soap and water.
- Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes, or speaks, they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease.
- Avoid going to crowded places. Why? Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COIVD-19 and it is more difficult to maintain physical distance of 1 metre (3 feet).
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
- Make sure you and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
- Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
- If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
- Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO, NCDC or your state ministry of health.
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